Monday, 28 March 2016

Gestas and Dismas : The Two Thieves

The Other Two

Jesus' supporters arranged the murder of the two men being crucified on either side next to him on Golgotha, Dismas and Gestas.


HASTENED by the breaking of the legs, so that the victim could not push up to take a good breath. 

John 19:32-33:  The soldiers therefore came and broke the legs of the first man who had been crucified with Jesus, and then those of the other. But when they came to Jesus and found that he was already dead, they did not break his legs.

The Romans had no motive to be act out of mercy - except for shekels.

"In the particilar case of the three crucified of the Golgotha (Jesus with the two thieves, Dismas and Gestas ), Jews had an important reason to hasten their deaths.

Their religion did not allow them to see three corpses being left hanging from the crosses during the celebrations of the holy Sabbath

[ It was also the Passover holiday weekend, so this was more than just a case of honouring the regular Shomar Shabbat ] 

So, the executioners broke the bones of the legs of The Two Thieves, but on seeing that Jesus was already dead, they left his legs unbroken. Gestas screamed in agony as his legs were shattered with dreadful blows, while Dismas endured the punishment as a final liberation. 

Death of both followed quickly."

No living witnesses.

Sunday, 27 March 2016

From Id to Ego to Superego : Milestones in Spiritual Growth


(and that's all that I am)

(and we're altogether, googookichu)

What's He Doing Here, Ma..?

He Shouldn't Be Here, Mum... I told you, I Wanted Him to Never Have to Go Through Seeing Me Like This...

25 Now there stood by the cross of Jesus his mother, and his mother's sister, Mary the wife of Cleophas, and Mary Magdalene.

26 When Jesus therefore saw his mother, and the disciple standing by, whom he loved, he saith unto his mother, Woman, behold thy son!

27 Then saith he to the disciple, Behold thy mother! And from that hour that disciple took her unto his own home.

The Swoon Thesis

Pilate marvelled if he were already dead...
Mark 15:44

Why would they not even bother to break his legs...?


HASTENED by the breaking of the legs, so that the victim could not push up to take a good breath. 

John 19:32-33:  The soldiers therefore came and broke the legs of the first man who had been crucified with Jesus, and then those of the other. But when they came to Jesus and found that he was already dead, they did not break his legs."

If we to find the actual specifics of what really was said to have occurred in connection with the Crucifiction by working directly from the facts as related by the canonic gospels, it's quite apparent that whatever measure of agony and torment he was forced to endure, simply experiencing that alone wouldn't possibly have been cause enough for him to really be dead from what he went through over the span of a single Friday.

The Gospels are clear on this - Christ suffered on the cross for, at most, seven or nine hours, and had been taken down (dead), and ritually washed, cleaned, wrapped and buried in a borrowed tomb before sunset, due to the Sabbath commencing that night.

Death by the Roman method of Crucifiction was generally reckoned to occur usually around the fifth or six day, although survival for an entire week was not uncommon for strong and robust individuals to endure.

Hence the customary breaking of the legs to hasten death and ease the suffering of the condemned by their relatives, as an act of mercy.

Not desirable for those who still expected to have need of the ability to walk in the future, however.

He wasn't even in Roman custody until early Friday morning, and went through at least two trials and three legal hearings to determine his fate and sentence, plus his pre-sentence scourging, which probably was taking place around the same time Pilate offered his freedom to the mob outside, who chose to have him pardon Barabbas instead. 

So it would seem we could say that the need does exist for a Magic Nail Theory - how could all of this damage have been done by the means described in the time allowed? It just isn't feasible.

It just doesn't explain it - the explanation is not sufficient to the facts, and does not match the observed outcomes, so we need to seek a Higher Hypothesis for explanation of the truth.

40 There were also women looking on afar off: among whom was Mary Magdalene, and Mary the mother of James the less and of Joses, and Salome;

41 (Who also, when he was in Galilee, followed him, and ministered unto him;) and many other women which came up with him unto Jerusalem.

42 And now when the even was come, because it was the preparation, that is, the day before the sabbath,

43 Joseph of Arimathaea, an honourable counsellor, which also waited for the kingdom of God, came, and went in boldly unto Pilate, and craved the body of Jesus.

44 And Pilate marvelled if he were already dead: and calling unto him the centurion, he asked him whether he had been any while dead.

45 And when he knew it of the centurion, he gave the body to Joseph.

46 And he bought fine linen, and took him down, and wrapped him in the linen, and laid him in a sepulchre which was hewn out of a rock, and rolled a stone unto the door of the sepulchre.

47 And Mary Magdalene and Mary the mother of Joses beheld where he was laid.

Blue Letter Bible - Commentaries - David Terasaka - Medical Aspects of the Crucifixion

Heb 12:2 - "Let us fix our eyes on Jesus, the author and perfecter of our faith, who for the joy set before him endured the cross, scorning its shame, and sat down at the right hand of the throne of God."
In the last few hours of Jesus' life what did He endure, and what shame did He suffer? 
EXCRUCIATE: to cause great agony, torment 
Latin : ex : out of, from cruciate : cross 
"from the cross"
The tone of this presentation can best be summarized in the word "excruciate", (the root of the word "excruciating") which refers to something which causes great agony or torment. The Latin roots of the word are :"ex", meaning from or out of, and "cruciate", meaning cross. The word "excruciate"comes from the Latin for "from, or out of, the cross".(Websters) 


Jesus spent the last hours before the crucifixion at several places in Jerusalem. He started the evening in the Upper Room, in southwest Jerusalem. At the Last Supper, He told the disciples that His body and His blood were to be given for them.(Matt 26: 26-29) He went outside of the city to the Garden of Gethesemane. He was then arrested and brought back to the to the palace of the High Priest. where He was questioned by Annas, a former High Priest, and Caiaphas, Annas' son in law . Afterwards, He was tried by the Sanhedrin, and found to be guilty of blasphemy by proclaiming Himself the Son of God. He was sentenced to the death penalty. Since only the Romans were able to execute criminals, He was sent to Pontius Pilate at the Antonia Fortress. Pilate, not finding anything wrong, sent Him to King Herod , who returned Him back to Pilate. Pilate, submitting to the pressure of the crowd, then ordered that Jesus be flogged and crucified. He was finally led out of the city walls to be crucified at Calvary. 


It is reasonable to assume that Jesus was in good health prior to the ordeal that He faced in the hours before His death. Having been a carpenter and traveling throughout the land during His ministry would have required that He would be in good physical condition. Before the crucifixion, however, He was forced to walk 2.5 miles over a sleepless night, during which He suffered great anguish through His six trials, was mocked, ridiculed and severely beaten, and was abandoned by His friends and Father. (Edwards) 


The ordeal began in an upper room of a house at what we now call the Last Supper, where Jesus, in giving the first communion, predicted that His body and blood would be given.(Matt 26:17-29) Today in Jerusalem, one can visit the Cenacle or Cenaculum (Latin for dining hall), a room which is built over what is believed to be the site of the Upper Room, (Kollek) which was located on the southwestern aspect of the old city. 

GETHESEMANE : oil press

Luke 22:44 And being in anguish, he prayed more earnestly, and his sweat was like drops of bloodfalling to the ground. 
"the Spirit of God ....crushed"
From the upper room, Jesus went outside of the city walls where he spent time in prayer at the Garden of Gethesemane. The garden has many ancient olive trees today, some of which may have grown from the roots of the trees that were present in Jesus' time. (All trees in and around Jerusalem were cut down when the Romans conquered the city in 70 A.D. Olive trees can regenerate from their roots and live for thousands of years.) The name "Gethesemane", comes from the Hebrew Gat Shmanim, meaning "oil press"(Kollek). Since "oil" is used in the Bible to symbolize the Holy Spirit, it may be said that the garden is where "the Spirit of God was crushed".(Missler). It was here that Jesus agonized in prayer over what was to occur. It is significant that this is the only place in the KJV where the word "agony" is mentioned.(Strong's concordance) The Greek word for agony means to be "engaged in combat" (Pink) Jesus agonizes over what He is to go through, feeling that He is at the point of death.(Mark14:34) Yet He prays, "Not my will, but thine be done."
Of medical significance is that Luke mentions Him as having sweat like blood. The medical term for this, "hemohidrosis" or "hematidrosis"has been seen in patients who have experienced, extreme stress or shock to their systems. (Edwards) The capillaries around the sweat pores become fragile and leak blood into the sweat. A case history is recorded in which a young girl who had a fear of air raids in WW1 developed the condition after a gas explosion occurred in the house next door.(Scott)) Another report mentions a nun who, as she was threatened with death by the swords of the enemy soldiers," was so terrified that she bled from every part of her body and died of hemorrhage in the sight of her assailants."(Grafenberg) As a memorial to Jesus' ordeal, a church which now stands in Gethesemane is known as the Church of the Agony. (also called the Church of the Nations because many nations donated money to its construction.(Kollek) 


Matthew 26:56:  "Then all the disciples deserted him and fled."
Psa 22:11:  "Do not be far from me, for trouble is near and there is no one to help."
While in Gethesemane, Jesus is betrayed by Judas and arrested by the Jews. His disciples all desert Him, even at the expense of running away naked (Mark 14:51-52). He is bound (John 18:12) then brought back to the city to the court of the High Priest, which is located near the Upper room. 


Following are some of the illegal aspects of the trial of Jesus:
  • Trials could occur only in the regular meeting places of the Sanhedrin (not in the palace of the High Priest) 
  • Trials could not occur on the eve of the Sabbath or Feast Days or at night 
  • A sentence of 'guilty' might only be pronounced on the day following the trial 


Deut 19:15"One witness is not enough to convict a man accused of any crime or offense he may have committed. A matter must be established by the testimony of two or three witnesses."
Deut 17:6:  "On the testimony of two or three witnesses a man shall be put to death, but no one shall be put to death on the testimony of only one witness."
Mark 14:56"Many testified falsely against him, but their statements did not agree."
While in the court of the High Priest, He was questioned by Annas (John 18:13) and struck by a soldier (John 18: 22). He was then brought to Caiaphas and the Sanhedrin. who sought to put Jesus to death by the false testimony of many witnesses. The witnesses brought against Him did not agree. By the law, no one could be put to death without the agreement of two or three witnesses. Although the witnesses did not agree, He was found guilty of blasphemy when He told them of His identity as the Son of God. He was sentenced to death. Jesus suffered ridicule from the palace guards, who spat on Him, beat Him and slapped Him on the face.(Mark 14:65.) During the trial, Peter denies Him three times. The proceedings of Jesus' trial violated many of the laws of His society. Among some of the other broken laws were:(Bucklin) 
  1. Any arrest could not be made at night. 
  2. The time and date of the trial were illegal because it took place at night and on the eve of the Sabbath. This time precluded any chance for the required adjournment to the next day in the event of a conviction. 
  3. The Sanhedrin was without authority to instigate charges. It was only supposed to investigate charges brought before it. In Jesus' trial, the court itself formulated the charges. 
  4. The charges against Jesus were changed during the trial. He was initially charged with blasphemy based upon His statement that He would be able to destroy and rebuild the Temple of God within three days, as well as His claim to be the Son of God. When He was brought before Pilate, the charge was that Jesus was a King and did not advocate paying taxes to the Romans. 
  5. As stated above, the requirement of two witnesses in agreement to merit the death penalty was not met. 
  6. The court did not meet in the regular meeting place of the Sanhedrin, as required by Jewish law. 
  7. Christ was not permitted a defense. Under Jewish law, an exhaustive search into the facts presented by the witnesses should have occurred. 
  8. The Sanhedrin pronounced the death sentence. Under law, the Sanhedrin were not allowed to convict and put the death sentence into effect. (John 18:31
Today, one can visit the palace of the High Priest. where one can stand in the midst of the ruins of the courtyard. A model of the structure in Jesus' time is available for viewing. 


Mark 15:15 - "Wanting to satisfy the crowd, Pilate released Barabbas to them. He had Jesus flogged, and handed him over to be crucified."
The Sanhedrin met early the next morning and sentenced Him to death. (Matthew 27:1) Because the Jews were not, and the Romans were, able to carry out an execution, Jesus was brought before Pilate. The charge was now changed to an allegation that Jesus claimed to be King and forbade the nation to pay taxes to Caesar. (Luke 23:5) In spite of all the charges, Pilate finds nothing wrong. He sends Jesus to Herod. Jesus is speechless before Herod, except to affirm that He is King of the Jews. Herod sends Him back to Pilate. Pilate is unable to convince the crowds of Jesus' innocence and orders Jesus to be put to death. Some sources state that it was Roman law that a criminal that was to be crucified had to be flogged first.(McDowell) Others believe that Jesus was flogged first by Pilate in the hope of getting Him off with a lighter punishment .(Davis) In spite of his efforts, the Jews allow Barabbas to be released and demand that Jesus be crucified, even crying that ,"His blood be on us and on our children!" (Matthew 27:25) Pilate hands Jesus over to be flogged and crucified. 
It is at this point that Jesus suffers a severe physical beating. (Edwards) During a flogging, a victim was tied to a post, leaving his back entirely exposed. The Romans used a whip, called a flagrum or flagellum which consisted of small pieces of bone and metal attached to a number of leather strands. The number of strikes is not recorded in the gospels. The number of blows in Jewish law was set in Deuteronomy 25:3 at forty, but later reduced to 39 to prevent excessive blows by a counting error. (Holmans). The victim often died from the beating. (39 hits were believed to bring the criminal to "one from death".) Roman law did not put any limits on the number of blows given. (McDowell) During the flogging, the skin was stripped from the back, exposing a bloody mass of muscle and bone ("hamburger " : Metherall). Extreme blood loss occurred from this beating, weakening the victim. perhaps to the point of being unconscious. 


Matthew 27:28-30 (The soldiers) stripped him and put a scarlet robe on him and then twisted together a crown of thorns and set it on his head. They put a staff in his right hand and knelt in front of him and mocked him. "Hail, king of the Jews!" they said. They spit on him, and took the staff and struck him on the head again and again. Jesus was then beaten by the Roman soldiers. In mockery, they dressed Him in what was probably the cloak of a Roman officer, which was colored dark purple or scarlet .(Amplified Bible) He also wore the crown of thorns. Unlike the traditional crown which is depicted by an open ring, the actual crown of thorns may have covered the entire scalp.(Lumpkin) The thorns may have been 1 to 2 inches long. The gospels state that the Roman soldiers continued to beat Jesus on the head. The blows would drive the thorns into the scalp (one of the most vascular areas of the body) and forehead, causing severe bleeding. 


Genesis 3:17-18:  "Cursed is the ground because of you; through painful toil you will eat of it all the days of your life. It will produce thorns and thistles for you, and you will eat the plants of the field."Isaiah 1:18 "Come now, let us reason together," says the LORD. "Though your sins are like scarlet, they shall be as white as snow; though they are red as crimson, they shall be like wool." The significance of the scarlet robe and crown of thorns is to emphasize Jesus' taking the sins of the world upon His body. The Bible describes sin by the color of scarlet (Is 1:18) and that thorns first appeared after the fall, as a sign of the curse. Thus, the articles that He wore are symbols to show that Jesus took on the sins (and the curse) of the world upon Himself. It is not clear that He wore the crown of thorns on the cross. Matthew describes that the Romans removed His clothes after the beating, and that they put His own clothes back on Him. (Matt 27:31


Isaiah 50:6:  "I offered my back to those who beat me, my cheeks to those who pulled out my beard; I did not hide my face from mocking and spitting."
Isaiah 52:14:  "..... Just as there were many who were appalled at him -- his appearance was so disfigured beyond that of any man and his form marred beyond human likeness--"
The severity of the beating is not detailed in the gospels. However, in the book of Isaiah, it suggests that the Romans pulled out His beard.(Isaiah 50:8) . It is also mentions that Jesus was beaten so severely that His form did not look like that of "a son of a man" i.e. that of a human being. The literal translation of the verse reads, "So marred from the form of man was His aspect, that His appearance was not as that of a son of a man." People were appalled to look at Him (Isaiah 52:13). His disfigurement may explain why He was not easily recognized in His post resurrection appearances.(Missler) Today, one can visit a site known as the Lithostrotos, traditionally believed to be the floor of the Antonio Fortress.(although recent excavations may cast doubt on this theory (Gonen)) The floor is marked for games once played by the Roman soldiers 
From the beating, Jesus walked on a path, now known as the Via Dolorosa or the "way of suffering", to be crucified at Golgotha. The total distance has been estimated at 650 yards. (Edwards). A narrow street of stone, it was probably surrounded by markets in Jesus' time. He was led through the crowded streets carrying the crossbar of the cross(called a patibulum) across His shoulders. The crossbar probably weighed between 80 to 110 pounds. He was surrounded by a guard of Roman soldiers, one of which carried a titulus, a sign which announced His crime of being "the King of the Jews" in Hebrew, Latin and Greek. On the way, He was unable to carry the cross. Some theorize that he may have fallen while going down the steps of the Antonio Fortress. A fall with the heavy patibulum on His back may have led to a contusion of the heart, predisposing His heart to rupture on the cross. (Ball) Simon of Cyrene (currently North Africa (Tripoli)), who apparently was affected by these events, was summoned to help. 
The present Via Dolorosa was marked in the 16th century as the route over which Christ was led to His crucifixion.(Magi) As is the location of Calvary, the true location of the Via Dolorosa is disputed. Much tradition as to what happened to Jesus is encountered on the Via Dolorosa today. There are 14 stations of 'events' that occurred and 9 churches on the way today. The stations of the cross were established in the 1800's. (Magi) Today, there is one section of the path where one can walk on the stones which were used during Jesus time. 


Psalm 22:16-17Dogs have surrounded me; a band of evil men has encircled me, they have pierced my hands and my feet. I can count all my bones; people stare and gloat over me."
The crucifixion event is prophesied in several places throughout the Old Testament. One of the most striking is recorded in Isaiah 52:13,where it says that , "My servant will act wisely (or prosper) .He will be raised and lifted up and greatly exalted." In John 3, Jesus talks about His fulfillment of that prophecy when He says, "Just as Moses lifted up the snake in the desert, so the Son of Man must be lifted up that everyone who believes in Him may have eternal life." He refers to the events recorded in Numbers 21:6-9. The Lord had sent a plague of fiery serpents on the people of Israel and they bit the people so that many of the people died. After the people confessed their sin to Moses, the Lord for gave them by having a bronze serpent made. Bronze is a symbol for judgment and the serpent is a symbol of the curse. Whoever was bitten by a serpent and then looked at the bronze serpent, was saved from death.. These verses are prophecies that point to the crucifixion, in the Jesus would be (lifted up ) on the cross for the judgment of sin, so that whoever believed in Him should not die (an eternal death), but live an eternal life. II Cor 5 :21 amplifies this point, in that "He (the Father) made Him who knew no sin (the Son) to be sin on our behalf, so that we might become the righteousness of God in Him."(Pink) It is interesting that the sign of Aesculapius which is the symbol of the medical profession today, had its roots from the making of the bronze serpent.(Metherall) Indeed, Jesus is the healer of all! Jesus is led to the place of the skull (Latin Calvary, Aramaic :Golgotha) to be crucified. The actual location of Calvary is also in dispute. At the end of the Via Dolorosa, there is a "T intersection". If one turns left, we go to the Church of the Holy Sepulcher. If one turns to the right, one goes to Gordon's Calvary. The Church of the Holy sepulcher has long been believed to be the traditional site of the crucifixion. 
Gordon's Calvary has a possible prophetic reason for being the actual site of the crucifixion .In Genesis 22, Abraham is tested by God to sacrifice Isaac on the top of a mountain. Realizing that he is acting out a prophecy, that "God Himself will provide a Lamb" , Abraham calls the place of the event "Jehovah Jireh", meaning "In the mount of the Lord it shall be seen." If we take this as a prophetic event of Jesus' death, then Jesus' died on the high ground of Jerusalem. Gordon's Calvary is the highest point of Jerusalem, 777 meters above sea level.(Missler: Map from Israel tour book) Today, at Gordon's Calvary, caves in the rock are situated which give the site the appearance of a skull. 
Jesus was then crucified. Crucifixion was a practice that originated with the Persians and was later passed on to the Carthaginians and the Phoenicians. The Romans perfected it as a method of execution which caused maximal pain and suffering over a period of time. Those crucified included slaves, provincials and the lowest types of criminals. Roman citizens, except perhaps for soldiers who deserted, were not subjected to this treatment. (McDowell) 
The crucifixion site "was purposely chosen to be outside the city walls because the Law forbade such within the city walls...for sanitary reasons ... the crucified body was sometimes left to rot on the cross and serve as a disgrace, a convincing warning and deterrent to passers by." (Johnson) Sometimes, the subject was eaten while alive and still on the cross by wild beasts. (Lipsius) 
The procedure of crucifixion may be summarized as follows. The patibulum was put on the ground and the victim laid upon it. Nails, about 7 inches long and with a diameter of 1 cm ( roughly 3/8 of an inch) were driven in the wrists . The points would go into the vicinity of the median nerve, causing shocks of pain to radiate through the arms. It was possible to place the nails between the bones so that no fractures (or broken bones) occurred. Studies have shown that nails were probably driven through the small bones of the wrist, since nails in the palms of the hand would not support the weight of a body. In ancient terminology, the wrist was considered to be part of the hand. (Davis) Standing at the crucifixion sites would be upright posts, called stipes, standing about 7 feet high.(Edwards) In the center of the stipes was a crude seat, called a sedile or sedulum, which served a support for the victim. The patibulum was then lifted on to the stipes. The feet were then nailed to the stipes. To allow for this, the knees had to be bent and rotated laterally, being left in a very uncomfortable position. The titulus was hung above the victim's head. 
There were several different types of crosses used during crucifixion. In Jesus' time, it was most likely that the cross used was a T shaped (or tau cross,), not the popular Latin, or t shaped cross which is accepted today.(Lumpkin) 


Psalm 22:14-15:  "I am poured out like water, and all my bones are out of joint. My heart has turned to wax; it has melted away within me. My strength is dried up like a potsherd, and my tongue sticks to the roof of my mouth; you lay me in the dust of death."
Having suffered from the beatings and flogging, Jesus suffered from severe hypovolemia from the loss of blood. The verses above describe His dehydrated state and loss of His strength. 
When the cross was erected upright, there was tremendous strain put on the wrists, arms and shoulders, resulting in a dislocation of the shoulder and elbow joints.(Metherall) The arms, being held up and outward, held the rib cage in a fixed end inspiratory position which made it extremely difficult to exhale, and impossible to take a full breath. The victim would only be able to take very shallow breaths.(This may explain why Jesus made very short statements while on the cross). As time passed, the muscles, from the loss of blood, last of oxygen and the fixed position of the body, would undergo severe cramps and spasmodic contractions 


Matthew 27:46"About the ninth hour Jesus cried out in a loud voice, "Eloi, Eloi, lama sabachthani?'--which means, My God, my God, why have you forsaken me?"
With the sin of the world upon Him, Jesus suffered spiritual death (separation from the Father ). Isaiah 59:2 says that sins cause a separation from God, and that He hides His face from you so that He does not hear. The Father must turn away from His Beloved Son on the cross. For the first time, Jesus does not address God as His Father.(Courson) 


  1. Shallowness of breathing causes small areas of lung collapse. 
  2. Decreased oxygen and increased carbon dioxide causes acidic conditions in the tissues. 
  3. Fluid builds up in the lungs. Makes situation in step 2 worse. 
  4. Heart is stressed and eventually fails. 
The slow process of suffering and resulting death during a crucifixion may be summarized as follows: 
" appears likely that the mechanism of death in crucifixion was suffocation. The chain of events which ultimately led to suffocation are as follows: With the weight of the body being supported by the sedulum, the arms were pulled upward. This caused the intercostal and pectoral muscles to be stretched. Furthermore, movement of these muscles was opposed by the weight of the body. With the muscles of respiration thus stretched, the respiratory bellows became relatively fixed. As dyspnea developed and pain in the wrists and arms increased, the victim was forced to raise the body off the sedulum, thereby transferring the weight of the body to the feet. Respirations became easier, but with the weight of the body being exerted on the feet, pain in the feet and legs mounted. When the pain became unbearable, the victim again slumped down on the sedulum with the weight of the body pulling on the wrists and again stretching the intercostal muscles. Thus, the victim alternated between lifting his body off the sedulum in order to breathe and slumping down on the sedulum to relieve pain in the feet. Eventually , he became exhausted or lapsed into unconsciousness so that he could no longer lift his body off the sedulum. In this position, with the respiratory muscles essentially paralyzed, the victim suffocated and died. (DePasquale and Burch) 
Due to the shallow breathing, the victim's lungs begin to collapse in small areas. causing hypoxia and hypercarbia. A respiratory acidosis, with lack of compensation by the kidneys due to the loss of blood from the numerous beatings, resulted in an increased strain on the heart, which beats faster to compensate. Fluid builds up in the lungs. . Under the stress of hypoxia and acidosis the heart eventually fails. There are several different theories on the actual cause of death. One theory states that there was a filling of the pericardium with fluid, which put a fatal strain on the ability of the heart to pump blood (Lumpkin). Another theory states that Jesus died of cardiac rupture." (Bergsma) The actual cause of Jesus' death, however, "may have been multifactorial and related primarily to hypovolemic shock, exhaustion asphyxia and perhaps acute heart failure."(Edwards) A fatal cardiac arrhythmia may have caused the final terminal event. (Johnson, Edwards) 


John 19:29-30  "A jar of wine vinegar was there, so they soaked a sponge in it, put the sponge on a stalk of the hyssop plant, and lifted it to Jesus' lips." When he had received the drink, Jesus said, `It is finished'. "With that, he bowed his head and gave up his spirit."
Having suffered severe blood losses from His numerous beatings and thus in a dehydrated state, Jesus, in one of His final statements, said "I thirst." He was offered 2 drinks on the cross. The first, which He refused, was a drugged wine (mixed with myrrh). He chose to face death without a clouded mind. Edersheim writes: 
"It was a merciful Jewish practice to give to those led to execution a draught of strong wine mixed with myrrh so as to deaden consciousness" (Mass Sem 2.9; Bemid. R. 10). This charitable office was performed at the cost of, if not by, an association of women in Jerusalem (Sanh. 43a). The draught was offered to Jesus when He reached Golgotha. But having tasted it....He would not drink it. ....He would meet Death, even in his sternest and fiercest mood, and conquer by submitting to the full....(p.880). 
The second drink, which He accepts moments before His death, is described as a wine vinegar. Two points are important to note. The drink was given on the "stalk of a hyssop plant". Remember that these events occurred at the Feast of the Passover. During this feast, (Exod 12:22) hyssop was used to apply the blood of the Passover lamb to the wooden doorposts of the Jews. It is interesting the end of this hyssop stalk pointed to the blood of the Perfect Lamb which was applied to the wooden cross for the salvation of all mankind. (Barclay) In addition, the wine vinegar is a product of fermentation, which is made from grape juice and yeast. The word literally means "that which is soured" and is related to the Hebrew term for "that which is leavened". (Holmans) Yeast or leaven, is a Biblical symbol of sin. When Jesus took this drink, (i.e. a drink which was "leavened") it is thus symbolic of His taking the sins of the world into His body. 


Psalm 22:12-13"Many bulls surround me; strong bulls of Bashan encircle me.  Roaring lionstearing their prey open their mouths wide against me."
While He was on the cross, darkness covered the land (noon to three p.m.). Jesus, in Luke 22:53, associates those who arrested Him with the power of darkness. Where were the evil forces while Jesus was on the cross? The verses above from Psalm 22 seem out of place when first read. There seems to be no mention of "bulls" and "lions" around the cross. The verses, however, have a deeper meaning.(Courson) Bashan was an area to the east of the Jordan River which was famous for its fertility. Cattle were raised there which grew to enormous sizes. The people there worshipped demon spirits (associated with Baal) within the cattle. In 1 Pet 5:8, Satan is described as "a roaring lion...seeking those who he may devour" These verses are thus suggestive of the spiritual activity of Satan and his demons, celebrating as Jesus was suffering on the cross. 


John 10:17-18 "The reason my Father loves me is that I lay downmy life--only to take it up again. No one takes it from me, but I lay it down on my own accord. I have authority to lay it down and authority to take it up again. This command I received from my Father.
Luke 23:46 "Jesus called out with a loud voice, 'Father, into your hands I commit my spirit'." When he had said this, he breathed his last. 
The average time of suffering before death by crucifixion is stated to be about 2-4 days(Tenney), although there are reported cases where the victims lived for 9 days.(Lipsius) The actual causes of death by crucifixion were multifactorial, one of the most significant would have been the severity of the scourging. (Edwards) Jesus died a quick physical death (Pilate was surprised that He had died so soon.(Mark 15:44)). While many of the physical signs preceding death were present, one possibility is that Jesus did not die by physical factors which ended His ability to live, but that He gave up His life of His own accord. His last statement, "Into your hands I commit my Spirit" seems to show that Jesus' death occurred by giving Himself up. In John 10, He states that only He has the power to lay down His life. He proved His power over death by His resurrection. Truly, God is the one who has power over life and death 


HASTENED by the breaking of the legs, so that the victim could not push up to take a good breath. 
John 19:32-33:  The soldiers therefore came and broke the legs of the first man who had been crucified with Jesus, and then those of the other. But when they came to Jesus and found that he was already dead, they did not break his legs.
CONFIRMED by a spear thrust into the right side of the heart. 
John 19:34:  Instead, one of the soldiers pierced Jesus' side with a spear, bringing a sudden flow of blood and water.Death in crucifixion was hastened by the breaking of the legs of the victim. This procedure, called crurifracture, prevented the ability of the victim to take in a good breath. Death would quickly occur from suffocation. In Jesus' case, He died quickly and did not have His legs broken. Jesus fulfills one of the prophetic requirements of the Passover Lamb, that not a bone shall be broken.(Exodus 12:46John 19:36
To confirm that a victim was dead, the Romans inflicted a spear wound through the right side of the heart. When pierced, a sudden flow of blood and water came Jesus' body . The medical significance of the blood and water has been a matter of debate. One theory states that Jesus died of a massive myocardial infarction, in which the heart ruptured (Bergsma) which may have resulted from His falling while carrying the cross. (Ball) Another theory states that Jesus' heart was surrounded by fluid in the pericardium, which constricted the heart and caused death.(Davis) The physical stresses of crucifixion may have produced a fatal cardiac arrhythmia. (Johnson) 
The stated order of "blood and water" may not necessarily indicate the order of appearance, but rather the relative prominence of each fluid. In this case, a spear through the right side of the heart would allow the pleural fluid (fluid built up in the lungs) to escape first, followed by a flow of blood from the wall of the right ventricle.(Edwards) The important fact is that the medical evidence supports that Jesus did die a physical death. 
The story, of course, does not end here. The greatest event that separates Jesus from all others is the fact that He rose again and lives today. He intercedes for those who follow Him at the right hand of the Father.(Heb 7:25


Revelation 5:6Then I saw a Lamb, looking as if it had been slain, standing in the center of the throne, encircled by the four living creatures and the elders.
In eternity, Jesus will bear the marks of His crucifixion. Rev 5:6suggests that He appears in heaven with the marks as a Lamb "looking as if it had been slain". We know that when He appeared to Thomas that He bore the scars of the nails and the spear in His side.(John 20:26-28) It is also worth considering reasons as to why He was not immediately recognized after His resurrection. In John 21:12, it is stated that the disciples did "not dare to ask Him His identity, because they knew that it was the Lord." It is possible that His resurrection body still has the marks of His beatings. "The body of His glorification will be the body of His humiliation." (Missler) 
Are we ready to meet Him? What have we done with what He has given to us?. Today, He encourages us to consider the cost of the cross and to apply it to our own lives. 


Luke 9:23Then he said to them all: "If anyone would come after me, he must deny himself and take up his cross daily and follow me."
When He was on earth, Jesus stated that , "If any man would come after me, let him take up his cross daily and follow me." (Luke 9:23) As we have seen, in Jesus' time it meant going to your death, giving up and separating yourself from all that you had.......your rights, your friends, your body and blood and even your "god", to follow Him. 
We are challenged by the example of Simon of Cyrene. Scripture mentions Him as being the father of Alexander and Rufus.(Mark 15:21) Rufus ("a choice man in the Lord") and Simon's wife were both addressed by Paul in his letter to the Roman church. (Romans 16:13) Here was a man, who indeed carried the cross...and made an impact for Christ in eternity. What commitment are you willing to make to Him now? 
The Bible, God's Word (II Timothy 3:16-17), relates how God once had a personal relationship with man. God would talk and relate to man, just as you might relate to your best friend. God created man to give him a meaningful and purposeful life. 
Man chose to go his own way by disobeying God. (This applies to all men as in Romans 3:23). This disobedience, called sin, caused a break in the relationship between man and God. If a man casually seeks a relationship with God by his own efforts (religion), he will find nothing, because sin has broken the communication. (Isaiah 59:2
Christianity is the story of God sacrificing His Son to restore a relationship that was broken. As stated in the above text, Jesus gave up His life to pay for the sins of mankind and taking the punishment for the sin upon Himself. Because He gave His life on the cross, any one who believes in Him will have a restoration of a personal relationship with God. Jesus Himself claimed to be the only way to God (John 14:6) and only by the knowledge of God through Jesus Christ can man have a meaningful and purposeful life.(John 10:10
God desires that all men come to know Him in a personal way. If you have never received Jesus' gift of Himself for your sins , or have any doubts to how you can have a meaningful and purposeful life by the kinowledge of God through Jesus Christ, you can start by praying a simple prayer, such as: 
Dear Lord Jesus. Thank you for dying on the cross for me. I confess that I am a sinner before God. I acknowledge that by your death and sacrifice that you have paid the penalty of my sins for me. Please come into my heart and become the Lord of my life.As you gave your life, I give my life to you. I will take up my cross and follow you, not as I will, but to follow Your perfect will for my life. In Jesus Name, Amen. 
If you have prayed this prayer, please let us know by e-mail. It would be a real blessing to us. Or if you have any further questions about the work of Jesus on the cross, please send Dr. Terasaka e-mail at:
Would you like to know more about how you can have a personal relationship with God? If so, click here

Ball, D. A. "The Crucifixion and Death of a Man Called Jesus". J Miss St Med Assoc 30(3): 77-83, 1989. 
Barclay, William. "The Gospel of John Volume 2" Westminister Press, Philadelphia, Pa.,. 1975. 
Bergsma, Stuart. "Did Jesus Die of a Broken Heart?". The Calvin Forum, 14:165, 1948. 
Bible, Amplified version. Zondervan Publishing House, Grand Rapids, Michigan, 1964. 
Bucklin, R.. "The Legal and Medical Aspects of the Trial and Death of Christ". Med Sci Law. 10:14-26, 1970. 
Courson, Jon. "Why Psalms 22?" (tape) Firefighters for Christ, Westminister California. 
Davis, C.T. "The Crucifixion of Jesus :The Passion of Christ from a Medical Point of View". Ariz Med 22:183-187, 1965. 
DePasquale, N. P. and Burch, G.E. "Death by Crucifixion", Am Heart J 66(3):. 434-435, 1963. 
Edersheim, A. "TheLife and Times of Jesus the Messiah". Hendrickson Publishers, Inc. Peabody, Massachusetts, 1993. 
Edwards, W.D., Gabel, W.J and Hosmer, F.E. "On the Physical Death of Jesus Christ." JAMA. 255 (11), pp. 1455-1463, 1986
Gonen, R. "Biblical Holy Places : an illustrated guide",Palphot Ltd. Israel 1994 
Grafenberg, J. S.."Observ.Medic.," Lib.III. p.458. 
Holman's Bible Dictionary, Holman Bible Publishers, 1991. 
Johnson, C.."Medical and Cardiological Aspects of the Passion and Crucifixion of Jesus, the Christ", Bol Asoc Med P Rico 70 (3) :97-102, 1978. 
Kollek, T. and Dowley, T. , "Next Year in Jerusalem", Harvest House, Eugene, Oregon, 1995. 
Lipsius, Justus. "De Cruce. Libri tres, ad sacram profanamque historiam utiles. (3rd part Tom III. Opera Omnia. Antwerp, 1614) 
Lumpkin,R.."The Physical Suffering of Christ", J Med Assoc Ala 47: 8-10, 1978. 
Magi, G. "Israel". Casa Editrice Bonechi, Florence, Italy, 1992. 
McDowell, J. "The Resurrection Factor". Campus Crusade for Christ, Nashville, Tenn., 1981. 
Metherall, A.. "Christ's Physical Suffering" (Tape) Firefighters for Christ , Westminister, Ca. 
Missler, C. "Isaiah 53" (Tape) Firefighters for Christ, Westminister, Ca. 
Missler, C. "Israel Tour Book" 1995 Edition. 
Pink, A. "The Seven Sayings of the Saviour on the Cross", Baker Book House, Grand Rapids, Michigan, 1958. 
Scott, C.T. "A Case of Haematidrosis", Br Med J .1: 532-533, 1918. 
Strong, J. "Strong's Concordance", MacDonald Pub Co., McLean, Va. 
Tenney, S.M. "On Death By Crucifixion", Am Heart J .68(2) :286-287, 1964. 
Websters Dictionary, Grosset and Dunlap, New York, 1974. 

Compiled by David Terasaka, M.D. ©1996. All Rights Reserved, David Terasaka, M.D. However, permission is hereby granted to copy and distribute free of charge for non-commercial purposes only.

Saturday, 26 March 2016

Remains in Light

The Christ Principle

How many?

How many what?

How many men did you kill in Korea?

Thirteen, maybe more.

What was it like to kill a man?

You don't wanna know. Now close it up.

Walt! Walt! What're you doing? What're you doing, huh?

Relax. You can't get out of there.

You let me out right now. You fucking let me out or I'll fucking kill you!

Shut the fuck up! You want to know what it's like to kill a man? 

Well it's goddamn awful, that's what it is. The only thing worse is getting a medal of valour for killing some poor kid that wanted to 'just give up, that's all.' Yeah, some scared little gook just like you. I shot him right in the face with that rifle you were holding in there a while ago. 

There's not a day goes by that I don't think about it. You don't want that on your soul. 

But I got blood on my hands. I'm soiled. That's why I'm going it alone tonight. 

Walt! You take me with you right now! Let me out!

Look, you've come a long way. And I'm proud to say that you're my friend. 

But you've got your whole life ahead of you. 

But me, I finish things. That's what I do, and I'm doing it alone. 

No! Wait! Walt! WALT! WALT! WALT!

Seek the Stone

I am not the god of your fathers. 

I am the hidden stone and break all hearts. 

Break open your own heart. 

Is that you, Jesus? Fucking hell, man.

The Islamic prophet Muhammad solves a dispute over lifting the black stone into position at al-Kaaba. 

Note from pp. 100-101 of "The illustrations to the World history of Rashid al-Din / David Talbot Rice ; edited by Basil Gray. Edinburgh : Edinburgh University Press, c1976." - In the center, Prophet Muhammad, with two long hair plaits, places the stone on a carpet held at the four corners by representatives of the four tribes, so that all have the honor of lifting it. The carpet is a kelim from Central Asia. 
Behind, two other men lift the black curtain which conceals the doors of the sanctuary. This work may be assigned to the Master of the Scenes from the Life of the Prophet.

Dmcirca 1315

Wednesday, 23 March 2016

The Jews From Peru

Adelma Marina Tapia Ruiz, of Pucallpa, Peru

Proudly Afro-Peruvian/Illicitly Azkhenazi-but-Ashmed American George Zimmerman

Elsa Cayat of Charlie Hebdo in Peru 2013


A Depiction of the Spanish Inquisition - Misinformation.

Closer to the Truth.

Darkest Peru

Suriname - Jonestown v.3.11
(Note the road and inland waterway infrastructure (Lack of))

"Why don't you just go ahead and nationalise the damn oil company?

It's your country. David Rockefeller isn't the government"

Senator Robert F. Kennedy,
Addressing an audience in Peru

Peruvian mum of twins, Belgian law student among Brussels dead

Brussels (AFP) - They came from Peru, Morocco, North America and Europe, and their lives -- whether as a mother, civil servant, student or missionary -- were just as diverse.

This is the picture slowly emerging of those caught up in the airport and metro bomb attacks in Brussels on Tuesday, which killed 31 people and left 300 injured, 61 critically.

Belgian Foreign Minister Didier Reynders said around 40 nationalities were among the dead and wounded, reflecting the cosmopolitan nature of Brussels, Europe's symbolic capital.

They included citizens of Britain, Colombia, Ecuador, France, Germany, Hungary, Portugal, Romania, Spain and the United States.

Among the first fatalities named was Adelma Marina Tapia Ruiz, a 37-year-old woman from Pucallpa in the Peruvian Amazon, who had lived in Belgium for nine years.

She was killed in the two blasts at Brussels airport, where she had been about to travel to New York with her Belgian journalist husband Christophe Delcambe and their three-year-old twin daughters. 

The others survived the blast as the girls had run off and Delcambe had chased after them, though one of the girls was wounded by flying debris.

"They took away everything she wanted to do with her life," her brother Fernando Tapia told Peruvian media, after she was identified by the foreign ministry in Lima.

Tapia had studied as a chef and wanted to open a restaurant in Brussels, the family was quoted as saying. 

Doctor Muriel Brugmans, who treated her in hospital, said on Facebook: "Tonight I'm thinking very much about my patient, mother of two adorable little girls.

"She was... so worried for her daughters."

Who we?

Dr. Tony Martin - 
The Sephardic Jewish Role In The African Slave Trade to the Portuguese, Spanish and Dutch Empires in the New World


Peruvian Jews represent an important part of the economics and politics of Peru.

Have the 'dead' Charlie Hebdo staff moved to Peru?

Sandra Barr has exposed: the Charlie Hebdo False Flag

1: If no Charlie Hebdo staff were actually killed in the false flag attack, then where are the alleged victims hiding?

On January 12, 2015, five days after the alleged attack, the UK Independent published a story about one of the alleged victims, Elsa Cayat.

Elsa is a Jewish psychiatrist and psychoanalyst.

Elsa Cayat in Peru 2013

The Independent mentioned that in the summer of 2014, Sophie traveled to Peru with Stephane Charbonnier, and other Charlie Hebdo journalists.

George Wolinski a cartoonist at Charlie Hebdo is Jewish.

According to the Independent:

"Never averse to investigating her own psyche, last summer Cayat flew with Charbonnier and other Charlie Hebdo contributors to Peru, with the intention of ingesting peyote."

Bernard Maris, a top economist, was a journalist at Charlie Hebdo.

Bernard Maris is a member of the Roger Leray freemason lodge in Paris (Grand Orient de France).

He taught microeconomics at the Central Bank of Peru.

Sandra Barr has exposed: the Charlie Hebdo False Flag

2. Addresses given for Charlie Hebdo

Entrance at 10 Rue Nicolas Appert

The address of the Charlie Hebdo office, on the day of the 'shootings', was said to be 10 Rue Nicolas Appert.

Apparently, there have never been any pictures of the Charlie Hebdo staff at 10 Rue Nicolas Appert.

The offices at 44 Rue Turbigo

The Charlie Hebdo staff had an office at 44 Rue Turbigo.

Most of the pictures of the staff were taken at 44 Rue Turbigo.

56-62 Boulevard Davout, after an alleged petrol bomb attack. Full details and photos of this false flag here: Sandra Barr has exposed: the Charlie Hebdo False Flag

Charlie Hebdo allegedly had an office at 56-62 Boulevard Davout.

In 2011, the alleged Charlie Hebdo offices at 56-62 Boulevard Davout were allegedly attacked with a petrol bomb.

Apparently, there have never been any pictures of the Charlie Hebdo staff at 56-62 Boulevard Davout.

26 Rue Serpollet

Reportedly, there was a Charlie Hebdo office at 26 Rue Serpollet.

In June 2014, a French blogger 'Mardi' published a post about Charlie Hebdo sharing the building at 26 Rue Serpollet with offices of the 'Prefecture de Police de Paris'.

On this Paris business directory, the address of Charlie Hebdo (Charlie Hebdo Hara Kiri) was changed on 6 January2015, the day before the 'shootings'.

It would seem that the Charlie Hebdo address was changed, on various Paris business directory sites, on the day before the shooting of 6 January 2015.

The address was changed from Rue Serpollet to Rue Nicolas Appert.

It would appear that Charlie Hebdo was never located at either Boulevard Devout (petrol bombing), or 10 Rue Nicolas Appert (shooting), but, that these addresses were used to stage false flag events.

More documents on addresses here: Sandra Barr: the Charlie Hebdo False Flag

The deeply Satanic and anti-Christian Charlie Hebdo. Jesus sodomizing God.

3: The anti-Christian Charlie Hebdo sold very few copies, was deep in debt, and needed some publicity.

The Charlie Hebdo 'shootings' apparently led to Charlie Hebdo making €21 Million.

The 'non-sheep' have seen through the false-flag attack.

A French website called Panamza reported on (1) the crisis actor girlfriend of Charbonnier, Jeannette Bougrab, and (2) the 'murder' of the Police Inspector on the same day as the alleged attack and (3) the finances of Charlie Hebdo.

Link and Link

The Zionist Bernard Henri Levy reading the 2/11/11 issue of Charlie Hebdo.

4. Charlie Hebdo and the Zionist Agenda

 Charlie Hebdo published nothing that could have been considered offensive to Jews.

Sandra Barr: the Charlie Hebdo False Flag

Philippe Val was one of the creators of Charlie Hebdo.

In 2008 Val sacked the cartoonist Sine for making what he deemed an anti-Semitic comment in his column.

Charlie Hebdo's Charbonnier - mind control symbolism.

5. Je Suis Charlie Manson

An hour after the attack the Charlie Hebdo website went down, it was back up again and the home page displayed "JE SUIS CHARLIE".

Much more here: Sandra Barr has exposed: the Charlie Hebdo False Flag




You're totally correct and here's proof:

1) France had just helped Muslims; as with The Masonic Norway attack this was the trigger! 

2) Hebdo reportedly owned by a Rothschild corp;

3) French investigating police chief suicided;

4) Date/name gematria has JEWISH MASONIC MAFIA written all over!

Cabala Numerology on the "CHARLIE HEBDO ATTACK" on "1/7/2015":

Chaldean: (Jewish-Masonic fingerprint)

Vowels-21(3) Masonic Favorite Number both 2+1(sex magic) and the "3"! 
Total-13(4) Anagram of Pi see:

1) Pi Basis of Judaism 

2) Weapons of Jewish MAFIA

Consonants-10(1) eloHIM 'gods'/phallus their favorite toy.

Pythagorean: (Jewish-Masonic fingerprint)

Vowels-21(3) eloHIM 'gods'/phallus their favorite toy.

Total-74(11) Does not boad well as its one from "Clocks strikes 12" ( Saturn reaper) 

Consonants-10(1) eloHIM 'gods'/phallus their favorite toy.

If you're in the UK or Sweden you'll want to see this video as you're marked with 9/11 style numerology for a 'fall'!

11-"does not boad well as that's one before the Saturn 12 reaper!

UK/Sweden flag falling (See 3 images/half way down blog page)

of the Boston Cabala Bombing Rituals that starred Solomon's Temple at the finish line!

As the murder trial for George Zimmerman begins, his father has released an emotional and highly unusual e-book, publicly opining on all aspects of the case. The book by Robert Zimmerman Sr., called “Florida v. Zimmerman: Uncovering the Malicious Prosecution of my Son, George” was released today on Amazon for $3.99.

The most striking chapter is called “Who Are The True Racists,” an apparent effort to rebut claims that his son’s actions were racially motivated.

Previously, Zimmerman Sr. “believed generally racism was a thing of the past.” He says that, personally, he hadn’t encountered much racism, even though his wife is Hispanic. But after his son shot and killed Trayvon Martin, however, Zimmerman learned that racism is “flourishing at the insistence of some in the African American Community.” He then goes on to list various black leaders and organizations that he believes are racist:
Congressional Black Caucus.“[A] pathetic, self-serving group of racists… advancing their purely racist agenda.” He later adds that “all members of Congress should be ashamed of the Congressional Black Caucus, as should be their constituents.” And finally: “They are truly a disgrace to all Americans.” 

The NAACP. “[S]imply promotes racism and hatred for their own, primarily finical, interests” and “without prejudice and racial divide, the NAACP would simply cease to exist.”

NAACP President Benjamin Jealous. “[W]hat I would expect of a racist.” 

Trayvon Martin’s funeral director. A “racial activist and former head of the local NAACP.”

Benjamin Crump, Natialie Jackson and Darrly Parks, attorneys for Travyon Martin’s family. “The scheme team.”

The National Basketball Players Association.

Black Chamber of Commerce.

National Association of Black Law Enforcement Officers.

National Black United Fund.

United Negro College Fund.

While stopping short of explicitly calling President Obama a racist, Zimmerman Sr. does say that Obama and Attorney General Eric Holder have “shamelessly” sought to exploit his son’s case “to obtain great advantage in the African-American community.

Zimmerman Sr. says that because of Holder’s decision to investigate whether Trayvon Martin’s death violated federal civil rights laws, the FBI did not have “adequate resources to investigate clearly identified potential terrorist [sic] in the Boston area.” 

Now, “tragically, we have suffered the consequences of Mr. Holder’s politically motivated decisions.”

The second statement, certainly,  represents something approaching the absolute truth of the matter, and the day that it ceases any longer to be the case cannot come a day too soon, when it does indeed it does  come, assuming it eventually actually will, given enough time;

The first statement though, were we to accept it to be true, we must first acknowledge the fact that the NAACP was from it's inception a Jewish organisation, founded by Jews, funded by Jews, administereed by Jews and conceived for the purpose of assissting the cause of Jewish acceptance, advancement and assimilation by White Anglo-Saxon American nativist institutions  - so, that being the case, what does that say, exactly...?

"The NAACP wants us all to become white by amalgamation, but they are not honest enough to come out with the truth. To be a Negro is no disgrace, but an honor, and we of the UNIA do not want to become white. We are proud and honorable. We love our race and respect and adore our mothers. We Negroes should be proud of our ancestry. God and Jesus Christ were black. Let us return to Motherland Africa and establish a nation strong enough to lend protection to the members of our race scattered all over the world."

- Marcus Garvey

 Mining the Golden Mountains of Suriname With An Ex-Rebel Leader

 Gold is everywhere in Suriname, from political power to what the locals wear on their fingers, the effects of gold mining seep into all aspects of society. The industry is a necessary source of income for many Surinamese, but it's also destroying the environment, bad for public health, and rife with corruption.


The USA / CIA had several plans for an invasion in Suriname to overthrow the Bouterse regime in the period 1982-1984. Lots more details on this can be found at the following link:

In the above video: Surinamese citizens ("Resistance Fighters" led by Roy Bottse) were trained in a secret camp in French Guyana by American Soldiers of Fortune (Dr. John and Boss). According to the US mercenaries, they were "retained by the Council for the Liberation of Suriname last year to prepare military options that would enable the council to regain their country from the dictator Bouterse."


In 1980, Desi Bouterse took power in Suriname in a military coup. 

He remained in power until about 1988. 

In 1999, a court in the Hague convicted Desi Bouterse in absentia for allegedly leading an international cocaine cartel. 

A photo of an armed woman from a Facebook page belonging to Stephanie Bouterse.

In 2010, Desi Bouterse was elected, by the parliament, to lead Suriname. 

A New York Times report stated that Desi Bouterse's election created "fears of a possible return to the time when Suriname, once a magnet for Western mercenaries and Colombian drug cartels, was renowned for its openness to criminal enterprise."

Suriname is a little country just above Brazil. 
The Dutch brought lots of Indonesians here as a sort of slave labour. 
Suriname exports aluminum, gold and oil
Roughly 70 percent of its population live below the poverty level.

France has a warrant out on Desi Bouterse on international drug smuggling charges, and U.S. diplomatic cables accuse him of narcotics trafficking. 

In Suriname, Desi Bouterse also faces charges for allegedly killing 15 of his political rivals in 1982. That case is still ongoing.
Facebook Photos Seem To Show Violent Life Of Suriname's Ruling ...

Dino Bouterse, reportedly a top drugs gangster. "Bouterse is a significant drug trafficker," says Derek Maltz, special agent-in-charge with the US Drug Enforcement Administration.

Desi has been friends with castro's Cuba.

Chinese President Xi Jinping meets with Surinamese President Desi Bouterse

China is giving Suriname aid and low-interest loans.

New York Times

Suriname has a Chinese population - about 10 percent of the population.

Desi is curently hosting the annual UNASUR summit for leaders of South American countries.

The UNASUR Summit has rejected the proposed U.S. attack on Syria

In late August 2013, Desi Bouterse's son, Dino, was arrested in Panama on US drug and weapon charges, and turned over to US agents.

Dino is the director of Suriname's anti-terrorism unit.

It looks like it's The CIA versus China for control of Suriname's wealth.