Tuesday, 17 December 2013

Rethinking John Lennon’s Assassination The FBI’s War on Rock Stars By Salvador Astucia - Chapter 2: The Motive



I do not endorse everything Astucia had to say about the Jewish experience under Nazism - but I do feel that the following is worth knowing and bearing in mind about Glenn Close and her family: 


The role also of the YMCA as part of the FBI Spy System siced onto Black America during the Civil Rights and Jim Crow era following the founding of the NAACP and the Anti-Defamation League of the International B'nai Brith in the wake of the Leo Frank case should also not be underestimated.


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Rethinking John Lennon’s Assassination

The FBI’s War on Rock Stars

By Salvador Astucia



Chapter 2: The Motive

 Mark David Chapman - background 
At this point I have shown that Mark David Chapman is completely innocent of murdering John Lennon. Regardless of what he or anyone else believes, the crime scene evidence alone—as presented in Chapter 1—exonerates him. Chapman is only in prison because he confessed to a crime he did not commit. Most of the public’s perception of Chapman is hocus-pocus nonsense, half-truths, media spin, and the power of suggestion. A patsy was needed to take the blame for murdering Lennon, so Chapman was set up to take the fall. It has been widely reported that Chapman was mentally ill and attempted suicide at least once. It is difficult to separate fact from propaganda in that regard; however, he has never been declared legally insane. Chapman has been in Attica State prison for 23 years after pleading guilty to killing John Lennon. In prison, he is treated no different from anyone else incarcerated for murder. Before we examine the motive for killing Lennon, it is helpful to examine Chapman’s life, without any hype.
Mark David Chapman


Mark David Chapman was born May 10, 1955 in Fort Worth, Texas.1 He was the son of David Curtis Chapman, originally from Connecticut, and Diane Elizabeth Pease Chapman of Massachusetts.2 Mark has one younger sister, Susan Chapman. On June 2, 1979, Mark married Gloria Abe, a young woman of Japanese descent, at the United Methodist Church in Honolulu.3 When Mark was born, his father was a sergeant in the United States Air Force at Fort Worth, presumably at the nearby Carswell Air Force Base. Mark’s mother was a nurse.4 A few months after Mark’s birth, the family moved to Indiana where David continued his education at Purdue University, eventually receiving a bachelor’s degree in electrical engineering from that school. After graduation, David took a job with the American Oil Company (later named Amoco). In 1962, David had become a credit manager with American Oil Company and the Chapman family moved to a small house in Decatur, Georgia, located on Green Forest Drive. At some point, David left American Oil Company and became a loan collector with Citizens and Southern National Bank near Atlanta, Georgia.5 David taught guitar at the local YMCA and taught Mark to play as well. When Mark was fourteen, he too joined the local YMCA.6

In 1973 Mark graduated from Columbia High School in Decatur.7 The ensuing seven years of Mark’s life were somewhat erratic. His primary career was working as a security guard. He enrolled in community colleges a few times but always dropped out. Nevertheless, as a young man, Mark did several unusual things. For example, in June 1975, he went to Beirut Lebanon for about a month on a trip sponsored by the YMCA.8 Lebanon was a particularly odd place to be at that time because a bloody civil war had begun in that country two months earlier, in April of 1975.9 After returning to America (around August 1975), Mark worked for six months at a YMCA camp for Vietnamese refugees at Fort Chaffee, Arkansas.10 In early 1977, Mark suddenly moved to Honolulu.11 In early 1978, Mark’s parents filed for divorce.12 On July 6, 1978, Mark left Honolulu for Tokyo where he began a six week trip around the world. Besides Tokyo, he visited Israel, Seoul, Hong Kong, Singapore, Bangkok, Delhi, Geneva, London, Paris, and Dublin.13 Around the end of 1978, Mark’s mother, Diane (now single), moved to Hawaii and lived in an apartment near Mark’s.14 From December 1979 through October 23, 1980, Mark worked as an unarmed security guard at a condominium complex in Honolulu. He reported to condominium manager Joseph Bustamante. According to Bustamante, Chapman signed himself out as "John Lennon" after his last day of work on Oct. 23, 1980;15 however, I will demonstrate that people can be easily manipulated to do lots of strange things through the use of mind control. I believe Mark David Chapman is a classic FBI mind control subject.

The Motive

As previously mentioned, Sean Lennon summed up his father’s fate with one word: "counterrevolutionary." I believe the Western powers were troubled by John Lennon for five reasons. First, he was an anti-war activist who played a major role in shifting public opinion against America’s involvement in the Vietnam War. Second, he was not a world leader, yet he had a huge worldwide following. Third, he was irreverent, even disrespectful, toward Jews and the period known as the Holocaust. Fourth, he decided to come out of a self-imposed five-year retirement in 1980. Had he remained a recluse, he probably would have been left alone. Fifth, he was probably viewed by the FBI as the King of Sixties rock ‘n’ roll. From an historical perspective there were two initial insurgencies of rock ‘n’ roll: Fifties rock and Sixties rock. These two waves of rock ‘n’ roll lasted contiguously for about 18 years, from 1954—with the advent of Elvis Presley—through the end of 1972, when the United States withdrew its military forces from South Vietnam. Within that time span, two central figures emerged as "Kings" of the two rock eras: Elvis Presley and John Lennon.

A third figure, Jim Morrison, also emerged not as a king, but more or less a "Prince" of Sixties rock ‘n’ roll. Morrison fronted the American rock group, the Doors. Although the Doors never achieved the same stature as the Beatles or Elvis,* Morrison wrote some of the most radical anti-war lyrics of the Sixties, often calling for revolution. There were numerous casualties in the FBI’s war on rock stars, but the Bureau paid special attention to Presley, Lennon, and Morrison. All three died before reaching the age of 43. (Morrison and Presley are is discussed in a later chapters.)

Although Presley is the accepted King of Fifties rock ‘n’ roll, few people have bestowed a similar title on Lennon as the King of Sixties rock ‘n’ roll. But logically it is a fitting description, given that the Beatles led the British Invasion in 1964—a phenomenon which marked the beginning of the second rock ‘n’ roll insurgency in the United States; and Lennon was leader of the Beatles. Hence, this would make Lennon the de facto King of Sixties rock ‘n’ roll. It would also make him a person of interest to the FBI in their ongoing war against rock stars, regardless of his political beliefs or political actions. A contingency plan for Lennon’s assassination was likely established in 1965 after the Beatles’ unprecedented performance at Shea Stadium before 55,600 hysterical fans. After this event, it was apparently decided that the Beatles had become too powerful. The following year, 1966, the Beatles’ worldwide tour was plagued with adversity: Ku Klux Klan rallies in America; their security was intentionally dropped in Manila; someone threw an exploding firecracker on stage in Memphis which sounded like a gun, the entire Beatles’ entourage thought Lennon had been shot. These events ultimately caused the Beatles to stop touring forever.

Many people will argue that Paul McCartney was just as much a leader as John Lennon, so why was John targeted and not Paul? That simply is not true. McCartney does not have the psychological make up of a leader. John’s physical stance on stage and during informal gatherings with the other Beatles, the way he talked to audiences and reporters, clearly indicated he was the leader. My point is not merely to win a Lennon versus McCartney leadership debate. My point is this: If the FBI, or any comparable intelligence agency, conducted psychological profiles on John Lennon, Paul McCartney, George Harrison, and Ringo Starr, to determine which one was the Beatles’ leader, there is absolutely no question that John Lennon would be named every time. This point of view was further corroborated by Yoko Ono in recent years. In 1998, Yoko provided several written comments about her late husband in a booklet which accompanied the Lennon Anthology, a collection of unreleased Lennon recordings in a box set of CDs. The following is an excerpt where Yoko describes John, referring to him as a king:

In person, John was a much more attractive man than the one you saw in photos and films. He had very fair; delicate skin and soft, sandy hair which a touch of red in it when the light hit a certain way.…I always thought John’s oval and well-chiseled classic face looked very much like a Kabuki mask or a face you’d expect to see in a Shakespearean play. And he carried his body with a certain lightness that gave grace to his movements. He was in his twenties when I met him. I was eight years older. But I never thought of him as somebody younger than me. When you were near him, the strong mental vibe he sent out was too heavy for a young person. Some people are born old. That was John. His slumming, clowning and acting the entertainer was just a kind of play acting he enjoyed. But it was obvious to anybody around him that he was actually a very heavy dude; not a prince, but a king.16

Some may consider Yoko’s comments about John being a king as biased, but anyone who admired the Beatles and observed their rise to fame firsthand knows that Yoko’s words are accurate. But Lennon did not magically appear, fully formed as a singer, musician and songwriter. Like all artists, he was influenced by those who came before him. Since his medium was rock ‘n’ roll, he was influenced by rock ‘n’ roll artists of his teenage years, namely Elvis Presley. Whether Lennon knew it or not, he carried a torch passed by the framers of rock ‘n’ roll from the Fifties. The genre’s most creative artists from that period were killed, imprisoned, harassed, ruined, or otherwise forced into early retirement. Contrary to popular belief, the Beatles did not push Elvis from his throne. He abdicated his reign when he joined the United States Army after being drafted in 1958, six years before Americans ever heard of the Beatles. What the Beatles did was rejuvenate rock ‘n’ roll after many believed it was dead and buried. Elvis started the phenomenon of rock ‘n’ roll and 1954, but it was soon crushed, probably by the FBI. Ten years later, in 1964, it came back stronger than ever during the British Invasion with John Lennon and the Beatles leading the charge. A small army of European artists followed and subsequently dominated the American music charts for several years.

To recap, I believe the Western powers were troubled by Lennon because (1) he shifted public opinion against America’s involvement in the Vietnam War, (2) he had a huge worldwide following, (3) he was irreverent, even disrespectful, toward Jews and the period known as the Holocaust, (4) he came out of a self-imposed five-year retirement in 1980, and (5) he was the de facto King of Sixties rock ‘n’ roll, whereas, Elvis was King of the same genre during the Fifties. Of the five reasons listed, the third—disrespect for Jews and the Holocaust—is probably the least known to the public but likely the most troublesome for John Lennon. Although Lennon is widely known for criticizing Christianity, he was not exactly viewed as a gift from God to most Jewish leaders either. Keep in mind that Lennon had many close German friends and spent quite a bit of time in Germany before he became an international star. Many fans remember Lennon for the lyrics in Imagine—which some claim has socialist undertones—and may find it difficult to believe that he empathized with the "German point of view." And by the way, it is worth noting that Lennon publicly acknowledged, in his last Playboy interview, that Yoko helped write a lot of the lyrics to Imagine. Here is John Lennon’s explanation of how Imagine was written as told to Playboyinterviewer David Sheff in the fall of 1980:

Dick Gregory gave Yoko and me a little kind of prayer book. It is in the Christian idiom, but you can apply it anywhere. It is the concept of positive prayer. If you want to get a car, get the car keys. Get it? Imagine is saying that. If you can imagine a world of peace, with no denominations of religion—not without religion but without this my-God-is-bigger-than-your-God thing—then it can be true. The song was originally inspired by Yoko’s book Grapefruit. In it are a lot of pieces saying, imagine this, imagine that. Yoko actually helped a lot with the lyrics, but I wasn’t man enough to let her have credit for it. I was still selfish enough and unaware enough to sort of take her contribution without acknowledging it. I was still full of wanting my own space after being in a room with guys all the time, having to share everything. So when Yoko would even wear the same color as me, I used to get madly upset: We are not the Beatles! We are not…Sunny and Cher!17

Some people—in my opinion—are confused about Lennon’s motivation for writing Imagine. They read more into the song than he intended. Some think it is Communist or Socialist propaganda. Hence, people like this find it difficult to believe Lennon had a degree of empathy for Germany and its actions during World War II. This is the problem with labels.

Regardless of Lennon’s seemingly left-wing views, he was not truly a friend of Jews; at least not all Jews. Although John Lennon had many Jewish business associates, he clearly held certain Jews in low esteem and did not hesitate to express his views publicly. In the latter days of the Beatles, John nearly agreed to allow John Eastman—Paul McCartney’s Jewish brother-in-law and attorney—to manage the quartet. (Brian Epstein, the Beatles first manager, died in 1967 of a drug overdose.) But after meeting Eastman, Lennon withdrew his support because of Eastman’s abrasive demeanor. Lennon sarcastically labeled Eastman’s communication skills during their first meeting as an "epileptic fit."18 Lennon made the following remarks about Eastman’s ethnicity in a 1970 interview with Rolling Stone:

They’re fucking bastards, they’re—Eastman’s a WASP Jew, man! And that’s the worst kind of Jew on earth, that’s the worst kind of WASP too—he’s a WASP Jew, can you imagine it!19

Ironically, all of Lennon’s managers were Jewish. The Beatles original manager, Brian Epstein, was Jewish. So was Alan Klein who became Epstein’s replacement, much to the chagrin of McCartney and his brother-in-law. Based on his comments about Eastman, it appears that Lennon viewed all Jews with a degree of contempt, but apparently wanted one to handle his business affairs because—as I pointed out in the Introduction—the entertainment industry in America is run almost exclusively by Jews. Lennon apparently understood this.

Many people mistakenly believe Yoko is a leftist radical, even a socialist or Communist. Frankly, I don’t like labels because people like John and Yoko will fool us every time. Leftist leanings notwithstanding, Yoko Ono is a Japanese woman, and Japan was one of Hitler’s allies during World War II. Born in 1933, Yoko was 12 when the war ended in 1945. Although her family was wealthy, Yoko’s life was hard for a brief period after the war. She said later that she was always hungry, and the family was often reduced to begging for food door to door.

As irreverent as John was about Jews, Yoko was worse. During John and Yoko’s first bed-in for peace at the Amsterdam Hilton in March 1969, while on their honeymoon, one of the reporters kept asking, "What do you do about fascists? How can you have peace when you’ve got a Hitler?" Yoko replied facetiously, "If I was a Jewish girl in Hitler’s day, I would become his girlfriend. After ten days in bed, he would come to my way of thinking." Lennon remarked years later, "People loved that one."20

Not all people.

The Holocaust Propaganda Campaign

My research indicates that a huge propaganda campaign began in 1978—two years before Lennon’s murder—to "re-educate" the public about the period from 1938 through 1945 known as the Holocaust. In fact the word Holocaust—as a description of events associated with Jews in Nazi Germany—was introduced in 1978 in the TV mini-series, The Holocaust, directed by Marvin Chomsky and starred Meryl Streep and James Woods. Before 1978, the term Holocaust was not associated with Nazi Germany and Jews. In 1976, William Stevenson wrote a book, A Man Called Intrepid, which discussed the deaths of six million Jews during World War II a great deal, but Stevenson never used the term Holocaust because that term had not been introduced to the public in 1976.

The Holocaust propaganda campaign continues today. When Lennon came out or retirement in 1980, it is not unreasonable to believe that leaders of worldwide Jewry might be concerned that an untamed John Lennon back in the limelight would spoil their plans. Years earlier Lennon revealed his empathy for Germany and Nazis in the 1967 movie, How I Won the War.


 Hamburg Days 

Lennon’s ties to Germany are quite profound. The Beatles played long grueling sets at several rock ’n’ rock clubs in Hamburg for months at a time in the early Sixties before they hit the big-time in 1964. Local venues included the Indra Club, the Kaiserkeller Club, the Top Ten Club, and the Star Club. Hamburg became a major influence in the Beatles’ early sound as well as their look; certainly their renowned mop-top haircuts. The German influence is obvious from the instruments the Beatles played when they achieved worldwide fame in 1964. John Lennon played a Rickenbacker electric guitar, George Harrison played a Gretsch electric guitar, Paul McCartney played a Hofner electric bass guitar, and Ringo Starr played Ludwig drums. You can’t much more German than that. (Why people called it a British invasion, I’ll never know.)

Note: Although Rickenbacker, Gretsch, Hofner and Ludwig are German names, most of the stated companies are not based in Germany.

Lennon’s best friend, Stuart Sutcliffe, was a member of the Beatles in the Hamburg days, but quit the band to marry a German girl, Astrid Kirchherr, and live in Germany. Stuart’s musical abilities were limited, but he was an accomplished artist/painter. And he looked like James Dean, so he added a certain mystique to the Beatles appearance. When Astrid first met the Beatles, her boyfriend was a young German, Klaus Voorman, who later learned to play bass guitar and joined the rock group, Manfred Mann, best known for the hit Do Wah Diddy Diddy (Dum Diddy Do) and a string of others. Voorman was also an artist and designed the cover for one of the Beatles most famous albums, Revolver.

The marriage of Stuart Sutcliffe and Astrid Kirchherr was short-lived because Sutcliffe died tragically of a brain hemorrhage on April 10, 1962. Lennon and Voorman remained close friends until Lennon’s death.

Astrid was a photographer and took lots of pictures of the early Beatles which helped set them apart visually from other bands. Astrid and John reportedly had unfulfilled romantic feelings for one another. She has admitted this in recent years. Their insatiable relationship is revealed in the movie, Backbeat, a film which Astrid publicly endorsed as a realistic depiction of the Beatles’ during their time in Hamburg, her relationship with Stuart Sutcliffe and John Lennon.

George, Paul, John singing in Hamburg club
Astrid Kirchherr & Stuart Sutcliffe
Klaus Voorman

One aspect of Backbeat which I found fascinating was the similarity between Astrid Kirchherr and her male friends (mainly Klaus Voorman and Stuart Sutcliffe) versus the relationship between John and Yoko years later. Like Yoko, Astrid was very artsy and intellectual. In the film, Astrid had a collection of photographs of Klaus Voorman and her in the nude as John and Yoko would appear years later.

Hitler and the Holocaust

To John Lennon, few things were sacred; not even the Holocaust. But before we continue, some background is required. It is difficult to discuss Hitler and the Holocaust openly because so many opinions are based on raw emotion, not intellect. One of the most controversial topics discussed today among intellectuals is the total number of Jews that died in Nazi Germany. The official number is six million. But there appears to be a double-standard among historians as to how they tallied the number of dead in the Holocaust versus the numbers killed in other atrocities.

It is amazing to me that historians are unable to agree on the number of German and Japanese civilians murdered by the allied forces in the fire-bombing of Dresden or the atomic bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Yet virtually all mainstream historians agree with great certainty that six million Jews died in Nazi Germany over a seven year period (1938-45) under the most clandestine circumstances. Dresden, Hiroshima and Nagasaki were there one day, gone the next. Determining the number dead in those three cities should be relatively uncomplicated, but for some reason, historians cannot agree. For a complex atrocity, everyone agrees; for simpler ones, everyone argues. This double-standard should raise red flags regarding the credibility of historians on this most controversial topic. Are historians being pressured to lie about the Holocaust? If so, why?

Another point of contention is The Night of Broken Glass, an event presented by Western historians as a night, on November 9-10, 1938, when the Nazis brutally attacked Jews at Hitler’s order because of their religion. The name, Night of Broken Glass, refers ironically to the litter of broken glass left in the streets after the night of rioting. It is also referred to as Kristallnacht, a German word meaning "crystal night." Kristallnacht is regarded as the time when Nazi Germany began its large-scale persecution of Jews. But there are two sides to every story.

When Kristallnacht occurred, the German people had already endured a five-year economic boycott imposed by international Jewish organizations wanting to oust Adolf Hitler because of his controversial book, Mein Kemf, which portrayed Jews in a negative light. On August 7, 1933, Jewish mogul Samuel Untermyer boldly stated that "this economic boycott is our means of self-defense."

The Jewish boycott against Germany continued for five years, but it wasn't until November 7, 1938, when a young Jew, Herschel Grynszpan from Poland, walked into the German embassy in Paris and shot German diplomat, Ernst vom Rath, that the Germans began to revolt against Jews in Germany. Large insurrections occurred.

Western historians have traditionally underplayed the murder of vom Rath by Grynszpan. In fact, The Night of Broken Glass is often referred to as the November Pogroms. For example, Encyclopedia Britannica described vom Rath’s murder as follows: "The pretext for the pogroms was the shooting in Paris on November 7 of the German diplomat Ernst vom Rath by a Polish-Jewish student, Herschel Grynszpan."21

The Night of Broken Glass remains highly controversial amongst historians. Jewish political forces would have us believe that the Nazis terrorized innocent Jews without cause. Western historians acknowledge that a young Jew did in fact shoot and kill a German diplomat in Paris, but the incident is surprisingly viewed as unrelated.

According to most historical revisionists, The Night of Broken Glass was not an official implementation of "pogroms" against Jews, but rather the culmination of tensions between German Gentiles toward Jews after a five-year Jewish boycott—instigated by Samuel Untermyer—which hurt the German economy badly. In addition, German citizens felt betrayed by Jews over their defeat in World War I. When Herschel Grynszpan murdered German diplomat Ernst vom Rath, that was the last straw. Violent insurrections against Jews followed. Vom Rath’s cold blooded murder by a young Jew had set off anti-Jewish furor that was difficult to contain. Emotions came pouring out.

So there are two sides to the story: the Jewish side, and the German side.

‘I don’t believe in Hitler’

In 1969, John recorded the song, "God," with the Plastic Ono Band. God has interesting lyrics because they wink at Adolf Hitler in a subtle manner. Let’s examine the lyrics.

God (Lyrics)

by John Lennon


God is a concept by which we measure our pain.

I'll say it again.

God is a concept by which we measure our pain.

I don't believe in magic

I don't believe in I-Ching

I don't believe in Bible

I don't believe in tarot

I don't believe in Hitler

I don't believe in Jesus

I don't believe in Kennedy

I don't believe in Buddha

I don't believe in mantra

I don't believe in Gita

I don't believe in yoga

I don't believe in kings

I don't believe in Elvis

I don't believe in Zimmerman

I don't believe in Beatles

I just believe in me

Yoko and me

And that's reality

The dream is over. What can I say?

The dream is over. Yesterday

I was the dreamweaver, but now I'm reborn.

I was the Walrus, but now I'm John.

And so dear friends, you just have to carry on.

The dream is over.

In the lyrics, John says he doesn't believe in several well-known people and he doesn't believe in the Beatles either. One of the people he mentions is Hitler. He also mentions Jesus, Kennedy, Buddha, Elvis, and Zimmerman (Bob Dylan's real name). He seems to be saying he doesn't believe in the conventional wisdom about the stated individuals. He obviously didn't believe in the conventional wisdom—the myth if you will—that surrounded the Beatles, Jesus, Elvis, Kennedy, Dylan and so on. In fact, we know he was referring to myths because he used that word when explaining the lyrics to God in a 1970 Rolling Stone interview with Jann Wenner. "I don’t know when I realized I was putting down all these things I didn’t believe in," he told Wenner. "I could have gone on, it was like a Christmas Card…It just got out of hand. But Beatles was the final thing because it’s like I no longer believe in myth, and Beatles is another myth."22

So Lennon said himself the song God was a list of myths he didn’t believe in. So why did he mention Hitler? What was the myth about Hitler that he didn’t believe in? To answer that question, it helps to understand the conventional wisdom about Hitler. What was it? Everyone thought the Beatles, Jesus, Elvis, Kennedy, and Dylan were God-like. In the song, God, John declared that he didn’t believe in them; they were all myths. A similar attitude about Hitler—that he was God-like—does not exist. Many people admire Hitler, but it would be incorrect to state that such feelings constitute conventional wisdom, or myth. Everyone, even members of the American Nazi Party, would agree that the conventional wisdom about Hitler—the popular view—is that he was a monster. Lennon was saying he didn't believe in the conventional view about the Beatles, Jesus, Elvis, Kennedy, and Dylan. Obviously he was saying he didn't believe the conventional view about Hitler either. John was saying, in effect, "I don't believe the Beatles, Jesus, Elvis, Kennedy, and Dylan were Gods and I don't believe Hitler was a monster." What else could he have meant? Remember, he spent a lot of time in Hamburg. The lyrics to the song God probably give us a clearer picture of John Lennon’s views about Adolf Hitler—which ultimately defined his entire worldview—than anything else he ever said or wrote.

Bed-Ins Against the Vietnam War

In 1969 Lennon used his celebrity status to protest US involvement in the Vietnam War. He was more than a peace activist, he became a lighting rod for the peace movement. He and his second wife Yoko Ono staged two "bed-ins for peace" in the spring of 1969. The first was in the presidential suite at the Amsterdam Hilton Hotel in March 1969 for a week during their honeymoon.*The second was in May-June 1969 at the Queen Elizabeth Hotel in Montreal.23A bed-in was essentially a week-long press conference held by the rock superstar and his new bride, both clad in pajamas while lying in bed in their fancy hotel suite. John made the following comments during the March 1969 bed-in at the Amsterdam Hilton Hotel:

JOHN LENNON: Can you think of a better way to spend seven days? It’s the best idea we’ve had yet. We’re doing a commercial for peace on the front pages of newspapers around the world instead of a commercial for war. We’re holding a bed-in for peace and we’re selling peace. Everybody has got to be aware that they can have peace if they want it and as soon as they want. We plan to do this bed-in for seven days, and I think this is the fourth day. I’m not sure, you know. There’s so much going on in this bedroom. I don’t know what day it is. Actually we snuck out yesterday morning to the American embassy to apply for a visa, but it was a great secret. Yoko and I are filming all the time. We’re making a film of this event. It’ll be an amazing film when you see the goings-on in the bedroom. We got a radio station in here, we got people chanting "Hare Krishna," we got visitors coming in one after the other in strange outfits. It’s really fantastic. You’ll dig it.24

During the May-June 1969 bed-in at the Queen Elizabeth Hotel in Montreal, John and Yoko recorded "Give Peace a Chance." Backup singers included Timothy and Rosemary Leary, Tommy Smothers, and several others. The song was released on July 4, 1969 by the Plastic Ono Band. John made the following remarks to the press:

JOHN LENNON: It was just a gradual development over the years. Last year was "All You Need Is Love." This year it’s "Give Peace a Chance." Remember love. The only hope for any of us is peace. Violence begets violence. If you want to get peace, you can get it as soon as you like if we all pull together. You’re all geniuses and you’re all beautiful. You don’t need anybody to tell you who you are or what you are. You are what you are. Get out there and get peace. Think peace, live peace, and breathe peace and you’ll get it as soon as you like. Okay?25

Within two months after the second bed-in, the Woodstock Festival—August 15–17, 1969—brought about the harmonious gathering of about 400,000 young rock-music devotees and marked what is considered the high point of the American youth counterculture of the 1960s. It was also viewed by many as a powerful political statement against US involvement in the Vietnam War at a time when American forces were at an all-time high: 540,000 soldiers. Although Lennon was not present at Woodstock, his bed-ins for peace were certainly an inspiration for many of the Woodstock performers as well as the audience.

Jerry Rubin & Abbie Hoffman, Jewish Provocateurs

In 1971, John and Yoko moved to New York City. Lennon later told an interviewer, "I landed in New York City and the first people who got in touch with me were Jerry Rubin and Abbie Hoffman"—two Chicago Seven Conspiracy Trial defendants.26 Based on my research of the FBI, I suspect Rubin and Hoffman were provocateurs for the Bureau. Their mission was probably to get Lennon interested in extreme leftist causes, thereby creating a pretext for the FBI to launch a massive surveillance campaign on him. It has been widely documented that the FBI did in fact conduct an extensive monitoring and surveillance operation on Lennon, complete with wiretaps and voluminous FBI reports.27

By 1975 Lennon had apparently caught onto Rubin’s and Hoffman’s tricks. "I never hear from them," he told an interviewer. "They vanished into the woodwork…Jerry was been nothing but trouble and a pain in the neck since I met him. I decided, as he didn’t lead the revolution, I decided to quit answering the phone."28

Given Lennon’s public statements about Jews, it seems that his decision to move to New York City—one of the most heavily populated Jewish cities in the world—might have been bad judgment. The Manhattan District Attorney, Robert M. Morgenthau, is Jewish and has been the DA since 1975. He continues to hold that position today. 550 assistant DAs report to him.29 Ed Koch, also Jewish, was mayor of New York City from 1978 through 1989 and was mayor when Lennon was killed. Does anyone honestly think Morgenthau or Koch would bend over backwards trying to solve the murder of John Lennon, a man who publicly expressed contempt for Jews?

Governmental Conspiracy

Sean Lennon is not alone in his belief that his father’s murder was the result of a governmental conspiracy. Ex-twentieth precinct lieutenant of detectives Arthur O’Connor told Fenton Bresler that he too supported the notion of conspiracy. O’Connor described Lennon’s murder as a "grounded" case. Grounded is a police term meaning no investigation is necessary because it’s open and shut. A grounded case is one in which the guilty party (Chapman, in this instance) is apprehended at the crime scene and later confesses. Therefore, no further investigation is needed. O’Connor candidly explained to Bresler the flaws in that way of thinking:

As far as you are trying to build up some kind of conspiracy, I would support you in that line. …If this gentleman [Chapman] wanted to get away with it, he could have got away with it. There was the subway across the road and no one around to stop him. If there was a conspiracy, it would never have been investigated and no conspiracy was investigated to my knowledge, and it would have come to my attention if it had.

You’ve got to understand the human element involved. You’re so happy to "ground" the case, you don’t want to open a Pandora’s box because, you know, with investigations, one thing leads to another and another and another; and you have resources and manpower and money involved. And you have another human reaction—laziness!

There could have been a conspiracy—but it was hallelujah! To get this one "grounded." … A man acknowledges his guilt, he pleads guilty. That’s it! If there is a conspiracy, I have no information of a conspiracy nor did I look for such information.30

On the surface, O’Conner’s words seem about as candid as anyone can expect from a working police officer anywhere; however, his comments become somewhat disingenuous after realizing that the NYPD never wrote a proper police report on Lennon’s murder. (See police report in Appendix D.)

Implausibility of the Manchurian Candidate Theory

Bresler theorizes that accused assassin Mark David Chapman was the victim of mind control, sponsored by US intelligence; he was a "Manchurian Candidate," a programmed assassin, triggered by a mind control signal to murder Lennon. I have discussed the Manchurian Candidate theory with several critics of US intelligence. Most do NOT believe this is a viable technique for political assassination because it is too unreliable. It is widely documented that mind control is highly studied by US intelligence agencies; however, no compelling evidence has been presented that human beings can be turned into homicidal robots when given proper "triggering mechanisms" (a book, a phrase, a tune, etc.) telling them on a subconscious level to murder someone at a specific time and place.

Further, it is widely documented that the intelligence community has vast techniques available to shape, manipulate, even destroy the human mind through the use of drugs (LSD for example), hypnosis, shock therapy, and so on. I agree with Bresler that Chapman was likely the victim of some of these techniques, but I disagree that Chapman committed the murder.

I believe Chapman was the victim of government sponsored mind control where an obsession was planted in his mind to kill Lennon. I believe the implanted suggestion caused him to purchase a gun to commit the murder. I believe on the night of December 8, 1980, Chapman went to the Dakota building in Manhattan where Lennon lived and waited for him with a gun. I also believe Chapman struggled desperately to shake the demons planted in his mind encouraging him to kill Lennon. He fought the homicidal urge because at heart Chapman was a decent person, incapable of murdering anyone. I believe when the moment of truth came, when he pulled the gun from his coat, he froze and could not fire. Chapman recalls pulling a gun out of his pocket, but he does not recall aiming or firing the gun. Yet he has convinced himself that he murdered Lennon.

Who Pulled the Trigger?

It’s fairly obvious that the killer was the elevator operator (aka, the handyman) and he shot Lennon from inside or near the service elevator in the entryway of the Dakota, across from the concierge area where Lennon collapsed.

Chapman’s Version of the Crime

During the night of December 8/9, 1980, Chapman made and signed the following statement while in police custody:

I never wanted to hurt anybody my friends will tell you that. I have two parts in me the big part is very kind the children I worked with will tell you that. I have a small part in me that cannot understand the big world and what goes on in it. I did not want to kill anybody and I really don’t know why I did it. I fought against the small part for a long time. But for a few seconds the small part won. I asked Got to help me but we are responsible for our own actions. I have nothing against John Lennon or anything he has done in the way of music or personal beliefs. I came to New York about five weeks ago from Hawaii and the big part of me did not want to shoot John. I went back to Hawaii and tried to get rid of my small part but I couldn’t.

I then returned to New York on Friday December 5, 1980 I checked into the YMCA on 62nd Street I stayed one night. Then I went to the Sheraton Center on 7th Ave. Then this morning I went to the book store and boughtThe Catcher in the Rye. I’m sure the large part of me is Holden Caulfield who is the main person in the book. The small part of me must be the Devil. I went to the building called the Dakota.

I stayed there until [Lennon] came out and asked him to sign my album. At that point the big part won and I wanted to go back to my hotel, but I couldn’t. I waited until he came back. He came in a car. Yoko passed first and I said hello, I didn’t want to hurt her. Then John came, looked at me and passed me. I took the gun from my coat pocket and fired at him. I can’t believe I could do that. I just stood there clutching the book. I didn’t want to run away. I don’t know what happened to the gun, I just remember Jose [Perdomo, the doorman] kicking it away. Jose was crying and telling me to please leave. I felt so sorry for Jose. Then the police came and told me to put my hands on the wall and cuffed me.31

Months later, Chapman gave a similar account to but admitted he could not remember aiming the gun. His account was recorded by Kevin Sim and aired in a television film documentary The Man Who Shot John Lennon in February 1988. The following is an excerpt from that interview:

If you ever get the chance, go to The Dakota building. I just love that building…to think that’s where it happened. There was no emotion, there was no anger, there was nothing, dead silence in the brain, dead cold quiet. He walked up, he looked at me, I tell you the man was going to be dead in less than five minutes, and he looked at me, I looked at him. He walked passed me and then I heard in my head said, "Do it, do it, do it," over and over again, saying "Do it, do it, do it, do it," like that. I pulled the gun out of my pocket, I handed over to my left hand, I don’t remember aiming, I don’t remember drawing the bead or whatever you call it. And I just pulled the trigger steady five times.32

The fact that Chapman has no recollection of aiming the gun is a critical point. After stating that he could not recall aiming the gun, Chapman said, "I just pulled the trigger steady five times." It would be interesting to know if he actually recalls pulling the trigger five times or if he just assumes he pulled the trigger five times because he knew five shots were fired and he knew he drew a gun. If he could not remember aiming, how can he recall shooting. Think about it logically. If someone does not remember aiming a gun at someone who they allegedly shot and killed, how can they remember pulling the trigger? If they claim to remember one event but not the other, can either statement be given much credibility?

I believe Chapman cannot recall aiming the gun because he did not shoot Lennon. He only assumes he pulled the trigger because he assumes he is guilty. To be guilty of a shooting someone, one has to pull the trigger.

Chapman’s Sanity

Chapman has never given a motive for killing Lennon and no one else has established one either. The only explanation is he was completely crazy because insane people are capable of anything, right? And Chapman heard a voice in his head saying "Do it, do it, do it," over and over again. People with schizophrenia hear voices, right? The problem is Chapman was found to be legally sane. Chapman pled guilty and consequently, a trial was never conducted because in the state New York, if you plead guilty to murder, you don’t go to trial. All Chapman got was a sentencing hearing. Nevertheless, the judge at Chapman’s sentencing hearing took great care in establishing that Chapman was in full control of his mental faculties. The judge was Justice Dennis Edwards. Appendix C contains a transcript of that hearing which occurred on June 22, 1981.

Chapman’s Trip Around the World

As previously stated, on July 6, 1978, Chapman left Honolulu for Tokyo where he began a six week trip around the world. Besides Tokyo, he visited Israel, Seoul, Hong Kong, Singapore, Bangkok, Delhi, Geneva, London, Paris, and Dublin. Chapman’s friend and senior YMCA administrator David Moore wrote the following letter of recommendation which allowed him to stay at Y hostels around the world:

To Whom it May Concern

This is to introduce Mark Chapman, a staff member of the US International Division of the National Council of YMCAs. Mark was an effective and dedicated worker at the refugee camp in Fort Chaffee Arkansas following the mass influx of refugees after the change in governments in Indo-China in the spring of 1975. Mark was also the youth representative to the Board of Directors of the YMCA in his home town in Georgia. Mark will be visiting YMCAs in Asia and Europe and we look forward to his visit here in Geneva. I can commend him to you as a sincere and intelligent young man. Any assistance that you can give Mark during his travels will be greatly appreciated by this office.33

Fenton Bresler suggested that Chapman’s international travels—which were sponsored to a large degree by the YMCA—was likely funded by the CIA. It should be noted again, however, that according to FBI official William Sullivan, J. Edgar Hoover maintained offices in London, Paris, Rome, Ottowa, and Mexico City, in violation of the FBI’s charter.34 It should be noted that London and Paris were two cities on Chapman’s travel itinerary. Sullivan also observed that Hoover sometimes used the CIA as a scapegoat to take the blame for misconduct uncovered within the FBI.35

I agree with Bresler that the YMCA was likely used by US intelligence, but it could easily have been FBI, whereas Bresler suggested it was CIA. After all, it was the FBI who was keeping tabs on Lennon, not the CIA.

Chapman’s friendship with Evangelical Christian psychologist

In an interview with Jim Gaines, Chapman described how he and his former girlfriend attended Evangelical Christian prayer groups led by a psychologist. Chapman described what appears to be the use of hypnosis on members of the prayer group by the psychologist. Gaines described the group in a 1987 article for People Magazine. Here is an excerpt:

Before [Chapman] left for Fort Chaffee [in August 1975], he began seriously dating Jessica Blankenship, a friend from fundamentalist [Christian] prayer groups. In one such group, led by a Decatur [Georgia] psychologist, Chapman and Jessica had their first experience with some of the rarer, more dramatic forms of charismatic Christianity: the laying on of hands, miraculous healing, speaking in tongues, the gift of prophecy and the deliverance from demons. "At times I would be on my back and five or six people would be laying on hands," Chapman recalled years later. "At other times there would be manifestations of demonic power. I remember one man barking like a dog and then assuming a karate position… We talked about demons more than we did about Jesus."36

If this church psychologist could get church members to bark like a dog and then assume a karate position, it is not implausible that the same church psychologist may have planted an obsession in Chapman’s mind that he must kill John Lennon.

It is worth noting that evangelical Christians are fanatic supporters of Israel. On October 6, 2002, 60 Minutes (CBS TV program) ran a piece about this topic entitled Zionist’s Christian Soldiers. The full transcript of the 60 Minutes piece is presented in Appendix G.


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1SOURCES: (1) NYPD Police Report on Mark David Chapman, dated Dec. 9, 1980; murder suspect in Lennon case; (2) Internet bio on Chapman: http://www.rotten.com/library/bio/crime/assassins/mark-david-chapman/
2Paul L. Montgomery, New York Times, Dec. 10, 1980, "Police Trace Tangled Path Leading to Lennon’s Slaying at the Dakota"
3SOURCES: (1) Paul L. Montgomery, New York Times, Dec. 10, 1980, "Police Trace Tangled Path Leading to Lennon’s Slaying at the Dakota," p A1; (2) Fenton Bresler, Who Killed John Lennon? (1989), p 155
4SOURCES: (1) Dudley Clendinen, New York Times article, Dec. 11, 1980, "Lennon Murder Suspect ‘Different Person’ to Father," p B3; (2) Paul L. Montgomery, New York Times, Dec. 10, 1980, "Police Trace Tangled Path Leading to Lennon’s Slaying at the Dakota," p A1; (3) James R. Gaines, People Magazine, June 22, 1981, "Descent Into Madness," p 69 (beginning of article); (4) Fenton Bresler, Who Killed John Lennon? (1989), p 99
5SOURCES: (1) Dudley Clendinen, New York Times article, Dec. 11, 1980, "Lennon Murder Suspect ‘Different Person’ to Father," p B3; (2) James R. Gaines, People Magazine, June 22, 1981, "Descent Into Madness," p 69 (beginning of article)
6Fenton Bresler, Who Killed John Lennon? (1989), pp. 99-100
7Paul L. Montgomery, New York Times, Dec. 10, 1980, "Police Trace Tangled Path Leading to Lennon’s Slaying at the Dakota," p A1
8Fenton Bresler, Who Killed John Lennon? (1989), pp. 119-121
9Encyclopedia Britannica: Lebanon/history
10Paul L. Montgomery, New York Times, Dec. 10, 1980, "Police Trace Tangled Path Leading to Lennon’s Slaying at the Dakota," p A1
11James R. Gaines, People Magazine, June 22, 1981, "Descent Into Madness," p 69 (beginning of article)
12Fenton Bresler, Who Killed John Lennon? (1989), p 152
13Fenton Bresler, Who Killed John Lennon? (1989), pp 153-154
14Fenton Bresler, Who Killed John Lennon? (1989), p 152
15Paul L. Montgomery, New York Times, Dec. 10, 1980, "Police Trace Tangled Path Leading to Lennon’s Slaying at the Dakota," p A1
16Yoko Ono, Lennon Anthology (CD): Introduction, p 2
17John Lennon, interviewed by David Sheff, Playboy, April 1981 edition, p 192
18Jann Wenner, Lennon Remembers, p. 123
19ibid, p. 125
20John Lennon, interviewed by David Sheff, All We are Saying: The Last Major Interview with John and Yoko, copyright 1981 & 2001, p 108. I found several instances of Yoko’s "going to bed with Hitler" remarks on the Internet and corroborated its authenticity in the cited book.
21Encyclopedia Britannica: Kristallnacht
22ibid, p 11
23Fenton Bresler, Who Killed John Lennon? (1989), p 74
24David Pritchard & Alan Lysaght, The Beatles: An Oral History, p 279
25ibid, p 285
26Fenton Bresler, Who Killed John Lennon? (1989), pp 78-79
27ibid, pp 80-95
28ibid, p 132
29Robert M. Morgenthau has been the district attorney in Manhattan since 1975. (reference http://www.nyc.gov )
30Fenton Bresler, Who Killed John Lennon? (1989), pp 209-210
31ibid, pp 258-259
32ibid, p 231. Chapman described the murder during his time at Rikers Island Prison awaiting trial; however, a trial never occurred because Chapman changed his plea to guilty. Instead of a trial, there was only a sentencing hearing.
33ibid, pp 153-154
34William Sullivan et al, The Bureau: My Thirty Years in Hoover’s FBI, pp 39-40
35ibid, pp 184
36James R. Gaines, People Magazine, Feb. 23, 1987 The Man Who Shot John Lennon; p 71


  1. The U.S. exited Vietnam in 1975 (with people desperate to get out hanging from the bottom of the exiting helicopters).

    1972 was definitely not the end of the occupation.

    1. The people hanging onto the the bottom of helicopters were nothing to do with any "occupation" - they were by and large South Vietnamese civilians who were either known to have collaborated with the US or anti-communist ARVN forces and feared reprisals or people who were simply more afraid of the VC and the NVA than they were of the GIs or Marines.

      Other than some Special Forces or military trainers, almost all US Combat troops had been withdrawn by the START of 1972, over 400.000 of the 500,000 personnel sent between 1960 and 1975 had returned home.

      US involvement in the war and support for the South continued at full strength with naval and air power support throughout 1972, and indeed increased running up to, and during the key phases of the Paris Peace Negotiations towards the end of the year.

      The final ground troops (excluding Embassy Marines and other force protection assignments continued through 1973 until full compliance with the return of PoWs and other undertakings by the North had been completed.

      The CIA and Embassy staff were evacuated on, or prior to April 30th 1975 under Operation Frequent Wind.

  2. DO YOU HAVE THE WHOLE BOOK AND/OR WEBSITE? IT'S BEEN SUSPENDED. POST A COMMENT AT youcanknowsometimes.blogspot.com -- the only post which has open comments is the most recent, on mathematics (off topic from the rest of the blog). Post on that. Thanks.